The focus of this thrust is on the advancement of the science of materials processing, with particular emphasis on additive manufacturing, to yield optimal product performance outputs, and significantly reduce the associated manufacturing energy needs and the overall production costs. Research teams are developing capabilities for additive manufacturing processes to create customized and high-performance products. Since properties of engineered products evolve throughout the manufacturing cycle and significantly depend on the processes employed, a number of new and existing manufacturing processes are being advanced scientifically to enable true and comprehensive optimization of product performance for targeted applications. Likewise, research on the temporal evolution of product quality during processing is contributing to minimize energy utilization for various manufacturing techniques, while still yielding desired final product quality and performance outcome.

Thrust members: